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The field of education has been significantly impacted by artificial intelligence (AI). Intelligent tutoring systems, automated grading, and individualised learning are just a few of the educational applications of AI. The advantages and disadvantages of incorporating AI into learning design will be covered in this article.


Personalised Education

Based on the unique needs and interests of each learner, AI may tailor learning experiences. AI may recommend learning materials and exercises that are customised to each learner by examining data on past performance, interests, and learning styles. This could enhance learner motivation, engagement, and learning results.

Computerised Grading

AI can automate grading by examining how learners respond to assignments and tests. This can free up facilitators’ time and give learners quick feedback. Moreover, AI can offer perceptions into learners’ strengths and weaknesses, which can guide future instruction.

Advanced Tutoring Systems

Intelligent teaching systems that offer learners individualised advice and feedback can be created using AI. These systems can assess learner performance and offer personalised treatments to assist learners get past obstacles to learning. This may enhance learner performance and lessen the demand for one-on-one facilitator assistance.


Data Security and Privacy

Large volumes of data on learners must be gathered and examined in order to employ AI in learning design. Data security and privacy are raised by this. Colleges must make sure that learner data is secure and that the application of AI conforms with privacy laws.

Bias and Justice

AI algorithms may be biassed if they were developed on biassed data or if they were prejudiced from the start. Unfair consequences, such as prejudice against particular learner groups, may result from this. Institutions must guarantee that their AI systems are impartial and fair.

Ethics-Related Issues

The use of AI in learning design involves ethical questions, such as whether or not it will eventually replace human facilitators and what effect it would have on learners’ autonomy and privacy. Institutions must take these ethical concerns into account and create policies and procedures to deal with them.


Personalised learning, automated grading, and intelligent tutoring systems are just a few of the advantages of incorporating AI into learning design. But, it also has drawbacks, including issues with prejudice and fairness, data privacy and security, and ethical problems. Institutions must carefully weigh these possibilities and difficulties while creating plans to guarantee that AI is applied in an ethical and responsible way.


Baker, R. S. (2016). The impact of artificial intelligence on education. Journal of Educational Psychology, 108(8), 933–949.

Koedinger, K. R., & Corbett, A. T. (2006). Cognitive tutors: Technology bringing learning science to the classroom. In Handbook of educational psychology (pp. 645-654). Routledge.

Molnar, A. (2020). Artificial intelligence in education. Education Week Research Center.

VanLehn, K. (2011). The relative effectiveness of human tutoring, intelligent tutoring systems, and other tutoring systems. Educational Psychologist, 46(4), 197-221.

Yu, H., & Yang, J. (2021). A review of the applications of artificial intelligence in education: Opportunities and challenges. Smart Learning Environments, 8(1), 1-24.

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